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Countries Of The World

 

   
Language Spoken (translator)
Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Dari Persian, Pashtu (both official), other Turkic and minor languages
Albania
Albania
Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Algeria
Algeria
Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects
Andorra
Andorra
Catalán (official), French, Castilian, Portuguese
Angola
Angola
Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages
Anguilla
Anguilla
English
Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda
English (official), local dialects
Argentina
Argentina
Spanish (official), English, Italian, German, French
Armenia
Armenia
Armenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian
Aruba
Aruba
Dutch and Papiamento
Ascension Island
Ascension Island
English
Australia
Australia
English 79%, native and other languages
Austria
Austria
German (official nationwide); Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian (each official in one region)
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijani Turkic 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, other 6% (1995 est.)
Bahamas
Bahamas
English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)
Bahrain
Bahrain
Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Baangladesh
Bangladesh
Bangla (official), English
Barbados
Barbados
English
Belarus
Belarus
Belorussian (White Russian), Russian, other
Belgium
Belgium
Dutch (Flemish) 60%, French 40%, German less than 1% (all official)
Belize
Belize
English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole
Benin
Benin
French (official), Fon, Yoruba, tribal languages
Bermuda
Bermuda
English
Bhutan
Bhutan
Dzongkha (official), Tibetan dialects (among Bhotes), Nepalese dialects (among Nepalese)
Bolivia
Bolivia
Spanish, Quechua, Aymara (all official)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Botswana
Botswana
English 2% (official), Setswana 78%, Kalanga 8%, Sekgalagadi 3%, other (2001)
Brazil
Brazil
Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Brunei
Brunei
Malay (official), English, Chinese
Bulgaria
Bulgaria
Bulgarian 85%, Turkish 10%, Roma 4%
Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso
French (official); native African (Sudanic) languages 90%
Burundi
Burundi
Kirundi and French (official), Swahili
Cambodia
Cambodia
Khmer 95% (official), French, English
Cameroon
Cameroon
French, English (both official); 24 major African language groups
Canada
Canada
English 59.3%, French 23.2% (both official); other 17.5%
Cape Verde
Cape Verde
Portuguese, Criuolo
Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
English
Central African Republic
Central African Republic
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca, national), tribal languages
Chad
Chad
French, Arabic (both official); Sara; more than 120 languages and dialects
Chile
Chile
Spanish
China
China
Chinese(official), English(Hongkong), Portuguese(Macao),Tibetan(Tibet), minority languages
Colombia
Colombia
Spanish
Comoros
Comoros
Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend)
Congo
Congo
French (official), Lingala, Monokutuba, Kikongo, many local languages and dialects
Congo, Democratic Republic of
Congo, Democratic Republic of
French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Cook Islands
Cook Islands
English,Penrhyn, Pukapuka,Rakahanga-Manihiki, Rarotongan
Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Spanish (official), English
Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Cote D'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
French (official) and African languages (Dioula esp.)
Croatia
Croatia
Croatian 96% (official), other 4% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, German)
Cuba
Cuba
Spanish
Cyprus
Cyprus
Greek, Turkish (both official); English
Czech Republic
Czech Republic
Czech
Denmark
Denmark
Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (Inuit dialect), German; English is the predominant second language
Djibouti
Djibouti
French and Arabic (both official), Somali, Afar
Dominica
Dominica
English (official) and French patois
Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
Spanish
East Timor
East Timor
Tetum, Portuguese (official); Bahasa Indonesia, English; other indigenous languages, including Tetum, Galole, Mambae, and Kemak
Ecuador
Ecuador
Spanish (official), Quechua, other Amerindian languages
Egypt
Egypt
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
El Salvador
El Salvador
Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians)
Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea
Spanish, French (both official); pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Eritrea
Eritrea
Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languagesEstonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
Estonia
Estonia
Estonian 67% (official), Russian 30%, other (2000)
Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Amharic, Tigrigna, Orominga, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, English, over 70 others
Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
English
Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
Faroese, Danish
Fiji
Fiji
English (official), Fijian, Hindustani
Finland
Finland
Finnish 92%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Sami- (Lapp) and Russian-speaking minorities
France
France
French 100%, rapidly declining regional dialects (Provençal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish)
French Guiana
French Guiana
French, Guianese Creole
French Polynesia
French Polynesia
French
Gabon
Gabon
French (official), Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambia
Gambia
English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous
Georgia
Georgia
Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)
Germany
Germany
German
Ghana
Ghana
English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga)
Gibraltar
Gibraltar
English, Spanish
Greece
Greece
Greek 99% (official), English, French
Greenland
Greenland
Danish,Greenlandic (Inuit dialect)
Grenada
Grenada
English (official), French patois
Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
French,Creole patios
Guam
Guam
English
Guatemala
Guatemala
Spanish 60%, Amerindian languages 40% (23 officially recognized Amerindian languages, including Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, and Xinca)
Guernsey
Guernsey
English, French,Dgèrnésiais,Sercquiais,Auregnais
Guinea
Guinea
French (official), native tongues (Malinké, Susu, Fulani)
Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau
Portuguese (official), Criolo, African languages
Guyana
Guyana
English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Haiti
Haiti
Creole and French (both official)
Honduras
Honduras
Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business
Hungary
Hungary
Magyar (Hungarian) 94%, other 6%
Iceland
Iceland
Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
India
India
Hindi 30%, English, Bengali, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Kannada, Assamese, Sanskrit, Sindhi (all official); Hindi/Urdu; 1,600+ dialects
Indonesia
Indonesia
Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects
Iran
Iran
Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%
Iraq
Iraq
Arabic (official), Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Assyrian, Armenian
Ireland
Ireland
English, Irish (Gaelic) (both official)
Isle of Man
Isle of Man
Manx Gaelic and English
Israel
Israel
Hebrew (official), Arabic, English
Italy
Italy
Italian (official); German-, French-, and Slovene-speaking minorities
Jamaica
Jamaica
English, Jamaican Creole
Japan
Japan
Japanese
Jersey
Jersey
English,French,Jèrriais
Jordan
Jordan
Arabic (official), English
Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)
Kenya
Kenya
English (official), Swahili (national), and numerous indigenous languages
Kiribati
Kiribati
English (official), I-Kiribati (Gilbertese)
Korea (North)
Korea (North)
Korean
Korea (South)
Korea (South)
Korean, English widely taught
Kosovo
Kosovo
Albanian
Kuwait
Kuwait
Arabic (official), English
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyz, Russian (both official)
Laos
Laos
Lao (official), French, English, various ethnic languages
Latvia
Latvia
Latvian 58% (official), Russian 38%, Lithuanian, other (2000)
Lebanon
Lebanon
Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Lesotho
Lesotho
English, Sesotho (both official); Zulu, Xhosa
Liberia
Liberia
English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic-group languages
Libya
Libya
Arabic, Italian, and English widely understood in major citiesGerman (official), Alemannic dialect
Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
German (official), Alemannic dialect
Lithuania
Lithuania
Lithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6% (2001)
Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Luxermbourgish (national) French, German (both administrative)
Macedonia
Macedonia
Macedonian 67%, Albanian 25% (both official); Turkish 4%, Roma 2%, Serbian 1% (2002)
Madagascar
Madagascar
Malagasy and French (both official)
Malawi
Malawi
Chichewa 57.2% (official), Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malay(official), English, Chinese, Tamil, Telugu, minority languages.Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
Maldives
Maldives
Maldivian Dhivehi (official); English spoken by most government officials
Mali
Mali
French (official), Bambara 80%, numerous African languages
Malta
Malta
Maltese and English (both official)
Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
Marshallese 98% (two major dialects from the Malayo-Polynesian family), English widely spoken as a second language (both official); Japanese
Martinique
Martinique
French, Martinique Creole
Mauritania
Mauritania
Hassaniya Arabic (official), Pulaar, Soninke, French, Wolof
Mauritius
Mauritius
English less than 1% (official), Creole 81%, Bojpoori 12%, French 3% (2000)
Mexico
Mexico
Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Micronesia, Federated States of
Micronesia
English(official), Chukese, Pohnpeian, Yapase, other languages.
Moldova
Moldova
Moldovan (official; virtually the same as Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Monaco
Monaco
French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque
Mongolia
Mongolia
Mongolian, 90%; also Turkic and Russian (1999)
Montenegro
Montenegro
Serbian/Montenegrin (Ijekavian dialect—official)
Montserrat
Montserrat
English, Montserrat Creole
Morocco
Morocco
Arabic (official), Berber dialects, French often used for business, government, and diplomacy
Mozambique
Mozambique
Portuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997)
Myanmar
Myanmar
Burmese, minority languages
Namibia
Namibia
English 7% (official), Afrikaans is common language of most of the population and of about 60% of the white population, German 32%; indigenous languages: Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Nauru
Nauru
Nauruan (official), English
Nepal
Nepal
Nepali 48% (official), Maithali 12%, Bhojpuri 7%, Tharu 6%, Tamang 5%, others. English spoken by many in government and business (2001)
Netherlands
Netherlands
Dutch, Frisian (both official)
Netherlands Antilles
Netherlands Antilles
Dutch,English,Netherlands Antilles Creole, Papiamentu
New Caledonia
New Caledonia
French, Austronesian dialect
New Zealand
New Zealand
English, Maori (both official)
Nicaragua
Nicaragua
Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)
Niger
Niger
French (official), Hausa, Djerma
Nigeria
Nigeria
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Ibo, Fulani, and more than 200 others
Niue
Niue
Niuean, English
Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
English, Norfolk
Northern Mariana Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
English(official),Chamorro, Carolinian (86%)
Norway
Norway
Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)
Oman
Oman
Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Pakistan
Pakistan
Urdu 8%, English (both official); Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Siraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashtu 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, Burushaski, and others 8%
Palau
Palau
Palauan 64.7%, English 9.4%, Filipino, Chinese, other languages.
Palestinian Territory
Palestinian Territory
Arabic, Hebrew, English
Panama
Panama
Spanish (official), English 14%, many bilingual
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Tok Pisin (Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca), Hiri Motu (in Papua region), English 1%–2%; 715 indigenous languages
Paraguay
Paraguay
Spanish, Guaraní (both official)
Peru
Peru
Spanish, Quéchua (both official); Aymara; many minor Amazonian languages
Philippines
Philippines
Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Pitcairn
Pitcairn
English,Pitcairn-Norfolk
Poland
Poland
Polish 98% (2002)
Portugal
Portugal
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
English, Puerto Rican Sigh, Spanish
Qatar
Qatar
Arabic (official); English a common second language
Reunion
Reunion
French, Reunionnaise Creole
Romania
Romania
Romanian (official), Hungarian, German
Russia
Russia
Russian, others
Rwanda
Rwanda
Kinyarwanda, French, and English (all official); Kiswahili in commercial centers
Saint Helena
Saint Helena
English
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Kitts and Nevis
English
Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
English (official), French patois
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
French
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
English, French patois
Samoa
Samoa
Samoan, English
Samoa (U.S.)
Samoa (U.S.)
English,Samoan
San Marino
San Marino
Italian
Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe
Portuguese (official)
Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
Arabic
Senegal
Senegal
French (official); Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Serbia
Serbia
Serbian (official)
Seychelles
Seychelles
Seselwa Creole 92%, English 5%, French (all official) (2002)
Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone
English (official), Mende (southern vernacular), Temne (northern vernacular), Krio (lingua franca)
Singapore
Singapore
Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000)
Slovakia
Slovakia
Slovak 84% (official), Hungarian 11%, Roma 2%, Ukrainian 1% (2001)
Slovenia
Slovenia
Slovenian 91%, Serbo-Croatian 5% (2002)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages
Somalia
Somalia
Somali (official), Arabic, English, Italian
South Africa
South Africa
IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001)
Spain
Spain
Castilian Spanish 74% (official nationwide); Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% (each official regionally)
Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Sinhala 74% (official and national), Tamil 18% (national), other 8%; English is commonly used in government and spoken competently by about 10%
Sudan
Sudan
Arabic (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, English
Suriname
Suriname
Dutch (official), Surinamese (lingua franca), English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese
Swaziland
Swaziland
English, siSwati (both official)
Sweden
Sweden
Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Switzerland
Switzerland
German 64%, French 20%, Italian 7% (all official); Romansch 0.5% (national)
Syria
Syria
Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian widely understood; French, English somewhat understood
Taiwan
Taiwan
Chinese (Mandarin, official), Taiwanese (Min), Hakka dialects
Tajikistan
Tajikistan
Tajik (official), Russian widely used in government and business
Tanzania
Tanzania
Swahili, English (both official); Arabic; many local languages
Thailand
Thailand
Thai (Siamese), English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Togo
Togo
French (official, commerce); Ewé, Mina (south); Kabyé, Dagomba (north); and many dialects
Tokelau
Tokelau
English, Tokelauan
Tonga
Tonga
Tongan (an Austronesian language), English
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago
English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha
English
Tunisia
Tunisia
Arabic (official, commerce), French (commerce)
Turkey
Turkey
Turkish (official), Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri, Kabardian
Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan
Turkmen 72%; Russian 12%; Uzbek 9%, other 7%
Turks and Caicos Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
English, Bahamian Creole
Tuvalu
Tuvalu
Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati (on the island of Nui)
Uganda
Uganda
English (official), Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Ukraine
Ukraine
Ukrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
English, Welsh, Scots Gaelic
United States
United States
English 82%, Spanish 11% (2000)
Uruguay
Uruguay
Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
Uzbek 74.3%, Russian 14.2%, Tajik 4.4%, other 7.1%
Vanuatu
Vanuatu
Bislama 23% (a Melanesian pidgin English), English 2%, French 1% (all 3 official); more than 100 local languages 73%
Vatican
Vatican
Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Venezuela
Venezuela
Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects
Viet Nam
Viet Nam
Vietnamese (official); English (increasingly favored as a second language); some French, Chinese, Khmer; mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Virgin Islands (British)
Virgin Islands (British)
English
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
English
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna
French, Futuna, Wallisian
Western Sahara
Western Sahara
Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Yemen
Yemen
Arabic
Zambia
Zambia
English (official); major vernaculars: Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga; about 70 other indigenous languages
Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
English (official), Shona, Ndebele (Sindebele), numerous minor tribal dialects
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